Th?ch Nh?t H?nh ( born as Nguyen Xuan Bao; October 11, 1926 ? January 22, 2022) was a Vietnamese Thi?n Buddhist monk, peace activist, prolific author, poet, teacher, and founder of the Plum Village Tradition, historically recognized as the main inspiration for engaged Buddhism. Known as the "father of mindfulness", Nh?t H?nh was a major influence on Western practices of Buddhism and mindfulness. In the mid-1960s, Nh?t H?nh co-founded the School of Youth for Social Services and created the Order of Interbeing.He was exiled from Vietnam in 1966 after expressing opposition to the war and refusing to take sides. In 1967, Martin Luther King Jr. nominated him for a Nobel Peace Prize. Nh?t H?nh established dozens of monasteries and practice centers[and spent many years living at the Plum Village Monastery, which he founded in 1982 in southwest France near Th?nac, travelling internationally to give retreats and talks. Nh?t H?nh promoted deep listening as a nonviolent solution to conflict and sought to raise awareness of the interconnectedness of all elements in nature. He coined the term "engaged Buddhism" in his book Vietnam: Lotus in a Sea of Fire. After a 39-year exile, Nh?t H?nh was permitted to visit Vietnam in 2005. In November 2018, he returned to Vietnam to his "root temple", T? Hi?u Temple, near Hu?, where he lived until his death on January 22, 2022, at the age of 95.